The first Republican governor to make political history was Henry Bellmon, elected in 1962. This was six years before Oklahomans began rejecting the Democratic presidential nominee in every election. Bellmon was the cheese that stood alone, governing with an overwhelmingly Democratic Legislature and a host of statewide officials with a â€œDâ€ next to their names. Mary Fallin made political history in 1994 by becoming the first female and first Republican lieutenant governor. She made history again Tuesday by becoming the first woman governor. But the larger historical takeaway from the 2010 election may be that Fallin will govern with a Republican Legislature and a slate of statewide officers with an â€œRâ€ next to their names. Republicans rode a red wave to victory on a day when a school funding initiative was defeated by a huge margin. Two good Democratic incumbents, state Auditor Steve Burrage and Insurance Commissioner Kim Holland, were rolled over by the wave. Lt. Gov. Jari Askins, who had knocked off the favorite in the Democratic primary for governor, was beaten by 20 percentage points. Among other Democratic nominees, only Holland and Burrage topped 40 percent of the vote. As redistricting draws nigh, Republicans will control every statewide office. They also increased their seats in the Legislature. The only Democratic politician of stature left is U.S. Rep. Dan Boren, whose re-election margin was far less than the Republican congressional incumbents or Oklahomaâ€™s newest member, 5th District Republican James Lankford. This couldnâ€™t have happened without a drift among registered Democrats, especially in rural areas, to give Republicans a chance to lead. The hard-core Democratic base is now at 25 percent â€” roughly the figure that the Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate pulled despite mounting no campaign. State House and Senate Democratic leaders were returned to office, but theyâ€™ll have fewer votes than before. The new Republican governor, House speaker and Senate president pro tem will set the agenda together â€” a luxury that Bellmon never had. The question now is what that agenda will be. Balancing the budget will be a brutal task. Lawmakers, stung of late by criticism from teacher unions in their unsuccessful push for State Question 744, must decide what to do about education funding. They owe it to citizens to forge a long-term plan, not only for reform but for improved funding. The GOPâ€™s ideologue caucus, which managed to get four meaningless state questions on the ballot (all of which passed), will be back. Fallin needs to govern closer to the center than to views of that caucus. This will be a challenge because ideology helped Fallin get elected and contributed to the rejection of centrist nominees for statewide offices. This is a day of celebration for Republican politicians. A day of reckoning awaits. Bellmon, perhaps with little choice, stuck to a bipartisan, pragmatic script. First and foremost, Fallin must learn that lesson from history.