WASHINGTON (AP) — The surprise job change by the Senate's most prominent tea partyer will complicate Republican moderates' bid to nudge their party toward the center after another stinging campaign loss.
Sen. Jim DeMint of South Carolina is giving up his high profile in the Senate, where he annoyed establishment Republicans and delighted conservative purists. But he may play an even broader role in the nation's political debate in his new post as president of the Heritage Foundation, Washington's best-known conservative think tank.
"There was already going to be a vigorous debate over the future of the Republican Party," said Dan Schnur, a former top GOP aide who now teaches political science at the University of Southern California. "This is just going to make that debate more vigorous."
DeMint, a founder of the Senate Tea Party Caucus, takes hard-line stands on issues that many mainstream Republicans say need a lighter touch from a party whose white conservative base is shrinking.
Take immigration. Republicans are losing the fast-growing Hispanic vote. That's partly because their stands on illegal immigration strike many people as overly harsh and dismissive of all Latinos, including U.S. citizens.
During George W. Bush's presidency, DeMint helped lead the fight against GOP-crafted efforts to create paths to legal status for illegal immigrants.
Tax and spending policies? DeMint this week attacked Republican House Speaker John Boehner's compromise deficit-reduction bid to generate $800 billion in new tax revenues over 10 years. That's half the amount President Barack Obama seeks.
Many Republicans see Boehner's plan as the best possible outcome, given Obama's re-election last month. DeMint says it would "destroy American jobs and allow politicians in Washington to spend even more."
That's the sort of uncompromising stand that has made DeMint a tea party hero and one of the few senators who might be widely recognized outside his home state. It also makes him a deeply frustrating figure to Washington officials who say compromise is essential in an evenly divided nation with a Democratic-led Senate and Republican-controlled House.
"There's obviously a fight going on for the soul of the Republican Party," said Jim Manley, a former long-time Senate Democratic aide. GOP strategists, he noted, are poring over data showing that Mitt Romney lost badly among female and Hispanic voters and that his stand against tax hikes on the rich did him little good.
"There's a wing of the party that is prepared to leave all that aside and double down on the failed policies of the past," Manley said. "Nobody epitomizes that more than Senator DeMint."
DeMint may be best known for backing tea party activists for Senate seats, often infuriating the Republican establishment. His 2010 support for Marco Rubio in Florida, Rand Paul in Kentucky and Mike Lee in Utah had happy results. But detractors say DeMint hurt the party by backing eventual losers such as Christine O'Donnell in Delaware, Ken Buck in Colorado and Sharron Angle in Nevada.