In extreme winter weather conditions, the best option is to avoid travel if at all possible, said Chuck Mai, spokesman for AAA Oklahoma.
However, if you must get out, AAA offers some tips.
Pack an emergency road kit that includes blankets, a flashlight with extra batteries, a first-aid kit, drinking water, food and snacks and a cell phone and car charger cord, Mai said. It would also be good to put a small shovel in your car as well as sand or clay-based kitty litter for traction.
Be sure to pack an ice scraper/brush and battery booster cables, towels, extra clothes and gloves.
Mai said some of the winter driving do's include preparing a vehicle for cold weather by checking the battery, ignition system, lights, brakes, tires, the exhaust system and windshield wipers.
Drivers need to slow down. When the roads are icy, allow extra time to reach your destination. Use major routes. After it snows, major roads are cleared and treated first. Avoid secondary roads.
Dress as if you were going to be stranded and be sure to have extra blankets and insist that children who may be traveling with you have some, too.
AAA suggests using the low gear to get out of tough spots. You need steady pulling and moderate power when traction is poor. The best remedy when wheels are stuck is to put the car in low gear and apply power slowly. Keep the wheels pointed straight ahead so the vehicle can move in a straight line. If you can't go forward, try backing out while steering in the vehicle's tracks. Traction is greatest just before wheels start to spin.
Winter driving don'ts include slamming on brakes. Minimize brake use on very slippery, icy roads and hills; if further speed reduction is needed use a gentle and slow brake application. Avoid changing lanes. On a four-lane highway, stay in the lane that has been cleared most recently. Changing lanes over built-up snow between lanes may cause you to lose control of the vehicle.
And last, Mai said, do not panic. If your vehicle skids out of control, steer in the direction you want the front of the vehicle to go.