Gardening: Shorttailed crickets in Oklahoma are out en masse
Ray Ridlen explains the life cycle of the shorttailed cricket.
As you drive around the Oklahoma City metro area, you may notice a large number of small mounds in grassy areas. Perhaps you have them in your own yard. This year at my house, I even have them in my flower beds. What you are observing is the work of the shorttailed cricket. The mounds can be differentiated from ant hills in that, with ant hills, the soil will be very granular (like sugar), whereas the cricket mounds will be much coarser.
These crickets are similar to field crickets except for the short ovipositor from which they get their name “shorttailed.” They are light brown in color with a body length of about three-fourths of an inch. They shed their hindwings soon after becoming adults and never fly. Do not confuse these crickets with the brown field cricket. The brown field cricket is the nuisance home invader that I wrote about a few weeks back.
Shorttailed crickets overwinter as nymphs in burrows in the soil. The nymphs are best described as teenagers moving away from home for the first time. They have spent the summer in their parents' burrow, and are now ready to start their first home. The nymphs construct burrows of their own. At first the burrows are small, but as the crickets mature the burrows are enlarged and may reach depths of 12 to 20 inches.