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Land Run of 1889 details
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 eventually led to the Trail of Tears. Creek and Seminole tribes were granted area known before the Land Run as the Unassigned Lands.
Some American Indian tribes signed a treaty of alliance with the Confederacy in 1861.
Reconstruction treaties came at the conclusion of the Civil War in 1866. Even though not all Indians sided with the Confederacy, the federal government penalized the tribes. Tribes gave up large amounts of land for payment as a result of the treaties.
The General Allotment Act of 1887 was passed by Congress to go from communal ownership of Indian land to individual ownership.
In 1889, Congress, lobbied by the railroads and farmers who wanted the land, opened the Unassigned Land for the land run after extinguishment of Indian titles to land with payment.
The land run took place April 22, 1889.
Source: Oklahoma Historical Society