LOS ANGELES (AP) — A judge overturned a nearly $10,000 small claims judgment against American Honda Motor Co. that was won by a car owner who said the automaker misrepresented that her hybrid Civic could get 50 miles per gallon, according to a ruling released Wednesday.
Superior Court Judge Dudley W. Gray II ruled Tuesday on Honda's appeal of a court commissioner's award of $9,867 to Heather Peters.
Gray's ruling found, among other things, that Peters had standing to bring the case in state court, but it's actually federal regulations that govern fuel economy ratings and related advertising claims.
Peters had opted out of a class-action settlement giving some 200,000 owners between $100 and $200 each, plus a rebate if they buy a new Honda. She elected instead to sue the automaker on her own.
Peters, a lawyer, also urged Honda owners to take the small-claims route as she did, and her initial success led some 1,700 other hybrid owners to opt out of the class-action settlement. It wasn't clear how many have filed similar small claims actions, but Honda said Wednesday it had prevailed in 16 of 17 cases across the nation since January.
The ruling by Gray will not have a direct effect on any other cases. However, a legal observer said it could pose a challenge to those pursuing small claims actions.
"I think it will make it harder for them to fight their case on an individual basis," said Aaron Jacoby, a class action lawyer in Los Angeles who is not involved with the Honda case.
The ruling is "not binding on another court, but it certainly is persuasive," he added.
Peters said she was disappointed but glad she brought awareness about Honda.
"They used to go the extra mile in customer service, now they go the extra mile fighting customers in court," she said in a statement on her website, dontsettlewithhonda.org.
Honda said in a statement that it was pleased with the ruling.
"We are never satisfied when a customer is anything less than satisfied with one of our products, and the company does not relish the necessity to defend the truth in opposition to any of our customers," the statement said.
In addition, Gray's ruling said most owners of that type of car achieve fuel economy close to federal Environmental Protection Agency estimates, and that EPA miles per gallon ratings are for comparison among vehicles and don't account for various factors such as the condition of the car or the length of a trip, which can affect mileage.