Iraq: Baghdad, Kurds agree to ease tensions

Published on NewsOK Modified: December 13, 2012 at 2:58 pm •  Published: December 13, 2012
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BAGHDAD (AP) — Iraq's central government and Kurdish leaders have reached a deal aimed at easing a military standoff that began last month, the country's president announced Thursday.

The agreement calls for both sides to eventually withdraw their military forces from disputed areas in Iraq's north, though there is no timetable for how soon the drawdown might take place.

Tensions have been rising in recent months between Baghdad and the Kurds, who have considerable autonomy in their northern self-rule region. The Kurds were angered by Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's recent decision to form a new military command to oversee security forces bordering the Kurdish enclave.

The two governments last month rushed troops into disputed border regions to assert dominance following a clash between Iraqi police and Kurdish guards in a contested northern city. That raised fears that full-scale fighting could break out between the two sides.

Under the plan announced by President Jalal Talabani's office, local residents in the contested areas would oversee their own security. Committees will be set up to form the security forces according to the percentage of ethnic groups in each area, after which Iraqi and Kurdish military forces would start to pull back.

The agreement, which the statement said is supported by al-Maliki and the president of the Kurdish region, Massoud Barzani, also called on both sides to halt all media campaigns that would lead to more tension between the two parties. It did not say when the deal was cemented.

The deal appears to firm up a preliminary agreement announced by al-Maliki last week.

Ali al-Moussawi, a spokesman for al-Maliki, confirmed the accord but said it is too early to say how soon any troops might be pulled back from disputed areas.

"The real test will be the actual withdrawal of the deployed forces," he said. "I am optimistic and we hope that this crisis will end for good."

But Mahmoud Othman, a Kurdish lawmaker in the federal parliament, expressed skepticism about the deal.

"The problem lies in the details," he said. "The whole thing depends on mutual trust and a sincere determination to reach a solution, but regrettably the trust between both sides is missing here."



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