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Georgia POW camp site remains from Civil War

Published on NewsOK Modified: February 3, 2013 at 10:59 am •  Published: February 3, 2013

BLACKSHEAR, Ga. (AP) — A historical marker sits shaded by trees on the shoulder of Georgia 203, where city outskirts fade to full country.

The marker is the only indication that 5,000 Union prisoners of war and their 700 Confederate guards once bedded down on land that slopes down gently to what was once a free flowing creek. The creek has dried up and trees cover most of the 35-acre site.

But local and state officials think there's evidence in the ground and they want an archaeological study done to find it. The county owns 2.7 acres of the site and two separate owners the rest.

Barry Brown, a historical tourism specialist for the Georgia Department of Community Affairs, said being fully undeveloped, the grounds are in the best possible condition for a study.

Tommy Lowmon, who directs in tourism development for Blackshear, says from all accounts the land is pretty much as it was — except for some farming and volunteer trees — since the POWs were moved after a two-month stay.

The POWs were moved from the infamous camp at Andersonville during Sherman's march through Georgia, Brown said.

Because Sherman's route was unknown to the Confederates, they didn't want to take a chance on his going to Andersonville, Brown said.

"They didn't want to see Sherman coming to Georgia and releasing 30,000 Union prisoners," Brown said.

In November and December of 1864, the Confederates moved about 5,000 each to Thomasville and Blackshear and about 10,000 to Millen at what is now Magnolia Springs State Park, he said.

The site of the Thomasville camp is preserved and the earthen berms are still visible, Brown said.

Beginning about five years ago, the Georgia Southern University archaeology department began an archaeological dig at Magnolia Springs based on old drawings and watercolors of the camp, Brown said.

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