“Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, which you have from God, and that you are not your own? For you were bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body.”
— 1 Corinthians 6:19-20
Jesus told His disciples that if they loved Him, they would keep His commandments; and then He promised them that He would ask the Father to give them the Spirit of truth, who was abiding with them and who would soon abide within them (John 14:15-17). Perhaps so His disciples would recognize the Holy Spirit when He filled them on the day of Pentecost, Jesus kept His promise and “breathed on them and said to them, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit’” (John 20:22). After Jesus’ death and resurrection, Peter, on the day of Pentecost, preached that Jesus’ promise was for “everyone whom the Lord our God calls to him” (see Acts 2:38-39).
In his letters, Paul explained more about the power and purpose of the Holy Spirit. He stated clearly that the bodies of the Christians in Corinth (and indeed the bodies of all Christians) are temples of the Holy Spirit; therefore, Christians should be glorifying God with their bodies. Unfortunately, some of the Christians in Corinth (just as some Christians today) had fallen into the sinful ways of their predominant culture. Paul warned that because Christians are united to the Lord and have become one spirit with Jesus, they should not be using their bodies contrary to the teaching of the Scriptures and the commandments of Jesus. God gave bodies to His people so He could fill them with the Holy Spirit; by suffering and dying upon the cross, Jesus paid the price to make that possible.