Three-time champion Iran was drawn with Kuwait, Thailand and Lebanon in Group B, while neighbors Jordan and Syria were both drawn into Group A.
Australia has twice hosted the Olympics and the rugby World Cup, but Football Federation Australia chairman Frank Lowy is touting the 2015 Asian Cup as the biggest football competition ever staged in the country.
"It will be a feast of international football, and we're confident that Australians will get behind all 16 teams, as we have shown for other major events."
Asian Cup qualifying pools:
Group A: Jordan, Syria, Oman, Singapore
Group B: Iran, Kuwait, Thailand, Lebanon
Group C: Iraq, China, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia
Group D: Qatar, Bahrain, Yemen, Malaysia
Group E: Uzbekistan, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, Hong Kong