Earlier this week, the United States sent the rover Curiosity to Mars. Curiosity is the largest spacecraft ever to land on the red planet, and it will explore for the next two years. On its mission, the rover will search for signs of carbon, which is found in all life-forms on Earth.
Comics have long been fascinated with the Martian landscape. In fact, heroes with Martian ties or origins go back to at least 1939.
The following are a list of some of notable or interesting Mars-related comics in the more than 70 years since:
Rex Dexter of Mars
Rex Dexter is likely one of the first heroes of Martian origin; the character's first story is in 1939's “Mystery Men” No. 1. The character later had a self-titled one-shot. Rex's father built a rocket to Mars and voyaged there with his wife. The ship was damaged on entry, and it could not be repaired for a return trip until 60 years later. Rex, born on Mars, is sent back to Earth in the year 2000, where he protects the planet from threats both extraterrestrial and earthborn.
Lars of Mars
Ziff Davis published two issues of “Lars of Mars” in the 1950s. Issues No. 10 and 11 were actually the first and only comics featuring Lars, who came from Mars to prevent Earthmen from creating interstellar war.
“Lars of Mars” is now in the public domain. A 3-D version of “Lars of Mars” was released in 1987 by Eclipse Comics.
Martian Manhunter stories
The Martian Manhunter first appeared in a backup story in 1955's “Detective Comics” No. 225. An experiment teleports the green-skinned alien to Earth, where he uses his shapeshifting powers to take on the role of police detective John Jones.
The Martian Manhunter is a frequent member of the Justice League of America. Many of his 1950s and 1960s adventures have been reprinted in two large “Showcase” black-and-white volumes from DC Comics.
‘War of the Worlds'
H.G. Welles' science-fictional tale of a Martian invasion has been adapted into comic books multiple times, first by “Classics Illustrated” in 1955.
Other publishers to adapt the classic include Marvel, Eternity and Dark Horse. The Marvel series “Killraven,” which appeared in the comics “Amazing Adventures,” is a sequel of sorts to “War of the Worlds,” featuring a world in revolt following a second Martian invasion.
My Favorite Martian
The TV series starring Bill Bixby and Ray Walston was adapted to comics for in 1964. Creators included prolific writer Paul S. Newman and artist Russ Manning.
Hermes press recently released the first seven issues of “My Favorite Martian” comic book series in one hardcover, and released a single issue with art by Dan Spiegle as part of 2012's Free Comic Book Day.
Multiple publishers, including Marvel, Dark Horse and Dynamite, have published adventures based on Edgar Rice Burroughs' Civil War veteran who is transported to the surface of Mars. The entire Marvel output from the 1970s has been collected in the “John Carter Warlord of Mars” Omnibus.
IDW recently relaunched this property, based on the 1962 trading card set about a Martian invasion. When trading-card publisher Topps was briefly in the comics business in the 1990s, it also published comics based on “Mars Attacks!” The cards were also the inspiration for the 1996 Tim Burton film.
Marc Hempel and Marc Gregory created this science-fiction story in the 1980s for First Comics; it was reprinted in 2005 by IDW. A six-member team of explorers and engineers go to Mars, but lose communication with Earth.
Jason McNamara and Paige Braddock are the creators of this series about the people of Mars in the year 3535.
Invincible Vol. 8: My Favorite Martian
“The Walking Dead” creator Robert Kirkman deals with Martians in the eighth volume of his popular superhero series, “Invincible,” in which Invincible must gather a team of heroes to stop an invasion from space. Ryan Ottley provides art.
Secret Avengers: Mission to Mars
A special-ops team of superheroes travel to Mars in this collection of Ed Brubaker's first five issues of the “Secret Avengers” series. The original Captain America must lead a force to the Red Planet after a dangerous artifact is discovered. Art is by Mike Deodato.
Dogs of Mars
A team of terraformers travel to Mars, but discover there is something deadly on the planet. After a mission ends in disaster, Captain Zoe faces potential mutiny at Mars Base Bowie as hostile, nocturnal monsters invade.