The International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists has opposed multiple attempts to increased federal oversight dating back to the 1990s. In testimony last month before Congress, the group's CEO said that the NECC could have been shut down under existing laws.
Based in Missouri City, Texas, the group has spent more than $1 million lobbying Congress in the past decade, according to data from the Center for Responsive Politics.
Health officials say roughly 14,000 U.S. patients received the steroid shots from the Massachusetts-based NECC, mostly for back pain. The Centers for Disease Control later showed that at least two lots of the injections distributed to 23 states were contaminated with fungus.