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Consolidation, annexation have been part of Oklahoma's story from the beginning

Early laws in Oklahoma led to 5,880 school districts by 1918. That number has gone down steadily, and there have been about 100 consolidations or annexations since 1977.
By Sarah Boswell Modified: July 27, 2012 at 8:36 pm •  Published: July 29, 2012

In Oklahoma, school leaders are getting creative with how they reduce their number of districts, such as finding ways to use the buildings and resources at various schools that have been shut down. The state is slowly making changes from its early days of having a school house every nine miles or so.

Annexations and consolidations are similar in that they both result in having one less school district. There are several ways this can be done:

• Annexation: A district is dissolved and its students move to another district. This can be a voluntary move or it can be mandated by the state Education Department. If a school board feels the district is not able to operate for the next school year, either because of low funding or student population, it must make a request to the Education Department for annexation by the first Monday in July.

Mandatory annexations result from issues such as funding, low student population or low academic performance. This has only happened eight times since 1977, for which the most recent information on forced annexations in the state is available. When the Education Department decides to annex a school, it must notify parents and guardians of all the students, and boundary lines must be redrawn to divide the annexed district. Students may choose which district to transfer to, and their requests must be honored whenever possible. Assets and liabilities of the annexed district will be absorbed by the annexing district or districts.

• Consolidation: Two or more districts combine into a new district with a new district number and a new name, which is often hyphenated to reflect the districts that merged. A new school building may be built, or students from the smaller district or districts might move to the larger district. The annexing or consolidating district may request up to $500,000 from the School Consolidation Assistance Fund to help with the transition, such as buying new textbooks and resources, or making building accommodations.

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Annexation vs. consolidation


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