WASHINGTON (AP) — The federal effort to provide civilian drones regular access to U.S. skies faces significant hurdles and won't meet a September 2015 deadline set by Congress, a government watchdog said Monday.
Despite years of research, the Federal Aviation Administration hasn't figured out what kind of technology unmanned aircraft should use to avoid crashing into other planes, or how to prevent lost links with ground control stations, Matthew Hampton, the Transportation Department's assistant inspector general for aviation, said in a report.
The FAA also hasn't set standards for certifying the safety of drone designs and manufacture like those that exist for manned aircraft, the report said. Nor has the agency developed standard procedures for air traffic controllers to guide drones, partly because the FAA's air traffic control equipment wasn't developed with unmanned aircraft in mind. There is no adequate program for training controllers how to manage drones. And criteria for training "pilots" who remotely control drones from the ground have yet to be developed.
The agency also isn't effectively collecting and analyzing data on safety risks associated with unmanned aircraft operations, the report said. But the FAA also isn't getting cooperation from the Defense Department, which has a wealth of data on drone accidents and incidents, the report said.
The Defense Department sends the FAA annual summaries on mishaps, but the information is so lacking in detail that FAA staff say it's not useful, the report said. FAA officials requested more detailed data from the Pentagon more than two years ago, but defense officials have been reluctant to provide it "due to concerns regarding the release of sensitive information and uncertainty over who would bear the cost of retrieving the information," the report said.
Until the FAA resolves these problems, the effort to integrate drones into the national airspace "will continue to move at a slow pace, and safety risks will remain," the report said.
FAA officials, defending the agency's record, said in a statement that the FAA "has made significant progress" toward giving drones wider access to U.S. skies "even as it dealt with disruptions" due to automatic, government-wide spending cuts and a three-week partial government shutdown.