The much-hyped deadline day in Europe's January transfer window passed with a flurry of late deals but few signings of note on Friday, with the richest teams opting to sit tight ahead of the last few months of the season.
The likes of Barcelona, Real Madrid, Bayern Munich and the two Manchester giants decided not to dip into the market, while there were no headline-grabbing moves to match that of Fernando Torres to Chelsea in 2011 and David Beckham to Paris Saint-Germain last year.
That two of the most high-profile moves on Friday were loan signings — Italy striker Pablo Osvaldo to Serie A leader Juventus and Dimitar Berbatov to French title hopeful Monaco — said much about the largely subdued nature of the final day of the window.
The biggest spender was Inter Milan, which bought Brazil midfielder Hernanes from Lazio in a deal reportedly worth up to 15 million euros ($20.2 million).
Even the English Premier League — usually the place where big acquisitions are made — was quiet, with the standout deal seeing Arsenal take Sweden's Kim Kallstrom on loan from Spartak Moscow for the rest of the season to ease its midfield problems.
Many European countries are still gripped by the economic recession, while the top targets of the big teams are often cup-tied for the Champions League and managers can be put off by inflated prices.
Even so, an inspired deadline-day signing can sometimes make the difference between winning a title, qualifying for the Champions League or Europa League or surviving relegation, and it was a surprise to see so few big deals take place.
Six points clear in Serie A, Juventus is on course for a third straight Italian league title and the signing of Osvaldo from Southampton will strengthen its push for the championship.
"Everything happened very fast," Osvaldo said, "and I still can't believe it."
The forward scored four times for Southampton after his club-record 15.1 million euros (then $20 million) from Roma in August but was suspended for two weeks on Jan. 23 following a training-ground incident.
Juventus has the option to buy the 28-year-old Osvaldo before May 31, for 19 million euros ($25.6 million).
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