- Acknowledge the reality of the death
- Embrace the pain of the loss
- Remember the person who died
- Develop a new self-identity
- Search for meaning
- Receive on-going support from others
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Five stages of grief
- Denial: A conscious or unconscious refusal to accept the facts or the information provided.
- Anger: An expression of helplessness once the reality of the loss is acknowledged.
- Bargaining: An attempt at bargaining to seek a different result than reality.
- Depression: A hopelessness when there is a realization that nothing can reverse the reality.
- Acceptance: When the initial emotions of grief have been processed.
Six reconciliation needs of mourners
- Acknowledge the reality of the death: To gently confront the difficult reality that someone you loved is dead and will never physically be present to you again.
- Embrace the pain of the loss: To draw “closer” to the pain of a loss instead of attempting to avoid, repress, or ignore it.
- Remember the person who died: To actively and intentionally remember the person who died, and honor their life.
- Develop a new self-identity: To restructure life and relationships in order to identify your life with its new reality.
- Search for meaning: To question and explore religious and spiritual values in light of grief.
- Receive on-going support from others: To develop a support system of family and friends for the weeks, months, and years ahead.