The four-cylinder is in just about every Ford vehicle but full-size pickups, and even they could have it in the future, said Scott Makowski, global design manager for Ford's four-cylinder engines.
Technically it's possible to power a pickup with a smaller motor by adding boost to the turbocharger, Makowski said. Turbochargers pump high concentrations of air into the piston chamber. That allows more gas to be sent in and offers extra acceleration or hauling capacity whenever drivers step on the pedal. Turbos aren't used under normal driving conditions, so the engines get better mileage because they behave like normal four-cylinder motors.
"You can always go up on horsepower per liter," Makowski said. "We're always being asked for more performance, and we're always being asked for more fuel economy."
The prospects are good for more hiring at the Cleveland Engine Plant, United Auto Workers Vice President Jimmy Settles, who handles talks with Ford. A second engine plant and a metal casting factory were closed in the Cleveland area as Ford downsized in the early 2000s. The company also plans to shutter a nearby metal stamping plant in 2015, but the roughly 330 workers there likely will transfer to the engine factory. The rest of the engine plant hires will be at a lower entry-level wage of around $15.78 per hour, about half the wage of longtime UAW workers.
Settles said the union also agreed to work-rule changes to help make a business case for Ford to build the engine in Ohio. Eliminating expensive shipping costs from Spain was part of that, he said.
The Valencia plant will continue to make small engines for Europe, but some of its workers will be transferred to a nearby assembly plant.
Ford shares fell 27 cents, or 2.1 percent, to $12.33 in Thursday afternoon trading amid a broader market decline.