Democratic reforms in Gulf and Arab nations - Article Photos 1/12

FILE - In this Friday, Aug. 16, 2013 file photo, a trampled poster of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi is seen on the ground outside the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where supporters of Morsi had a protest camp in Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt. Arabic reads, "Yes for the legitimacy." Almost a quarter-century ago, a young American political scientist achieved global academic celebrity by proclaiming that the collapse of communism had ended the discussion on how to run societies, leaving "Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government." In Egypt and around the Middle East, after a summer of violence and upheaval, the discussion, however, is still going strong. And almost three years into the Arab Spring revolts, profound uncertainties remain. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar, File)