Immigrant jail time in Oklahoma County studied

BY VALLERY BROWN Modified: February 8, 2010 at 4:57 am •  Published: February 8, 2010
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Hundreds of illegal immigrants stayed in the Oklahoma County jail nearly twice as long as the national average before being removed in 2008 because of problems.

This is according to a recent report released by the Syracuse University project, Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse.

"It’s a pretty good revenue enhancer if there are extra cells,” said Stan Inman, former District 3 county commissioner.

The federal government pays more to the jail than the state or city to house its prisoners.

Mark Myers, spokesman for Oklahoma County Sheriff John Whetsel, said money had nothing to do with why they were there so long.

"When someone commits a crime, the system is in place for them to be dealt with in the courts. Then the federal government determines what happens,” he said.

But Whetsel implemented a hiring freeze shortly after the removal of the prisoners, citing a potential loss of as much as $3.2 million a year in lost revenue.

At the time, the county was being reimbursed $42.33 per day by the federal government for each federal prisoner.

This compares to about $30 per inmate held for the Oklahoma Corrections Department and $40.66 for those held for Oklahoma City.

Inman said the federal immigration system is rife with problems and is notoriously slow in how it deals with jails. But reimbursement money received from the federal government went into the sheriff’s special revenue-cash funds while the county paid for daily expenses.

"I’m not saying he profited by it, but it could give him surplus revenue,” Inman said.

"It’s alarming that the length of detention is significantly higher,” said T. Douglas Stump, an immigration attorney with more than 25 years of experience working in immigration law.

Stump said he frequently encounters detained immigrants who have been misled about where they are in the process of dealing with immigration officials.

He said this can affect the person’s length of stay in the jail. Stump wouldn’t speculate on blame for the longer detentions at the county jail. Ongoing Coverage: Politics


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Detention process in immigration


When an illegal immigrant is taken into custody there are several ways to proceed:


• If a person from Mexico or Canada is detained for their immigration status and has no criminal background, they can voluntarily return to their home country at the expense of the federal government. This typically happens within a matter of days.


• When a detainee has a criminal background and the federal government determines it is going to remove the detainee, the government begins paperwork for deportation, the official removal of someone from the country for either criminal or immigration reasons. Detained people from non-neighboring countries must apply for travel documents through that country’s government. Every country is different on response times.


• Other situations can occur where federal government officials allow detainees to leave on their own recognizance.


• The length of time people are detained for immigration status often comes down to whether the detainees choose to voluntarily return to their country or contest their immigration status. Complicated immigration court cases can take as long as three years.


• Those determined by immigration officials not to be a flight risk can be allowed to post bail. Immigration officials in the state can make this decision. Few people use this avenue, primarily because of a lack of financial resources.

SOURCE: TULSA COUNTY SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT SGT. SHANNON CLARK


Report: For more information on the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse report, visit trac.syr.edu.

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