The Supreme Court also issued similar notices to the governments of West Bengal state and the southeastern city state of Puducherry that critics say abused authority by arresting citizens for social media posts.
Earlier this year, a university professor was arrested in West Bengal for forwarding an email cartoon that caricatured the chief minister there. He was later released on bail.
In Puducherry, a businessman was arrested last month for a tweet criticizing the son of India's finance minister. The businessman is also out on bail.