JERUSALEM (AP) — As the world's leading maker of generic drugs, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. is a huge source of pride for Israel. Now, following an announcement of planned layoffs and revelations it enjoys sweeping tax exemptions, it is on the defensive and fighting to save its reputation as the country's flagship company.
Teva, which last year reported revenue of more than $20 billion, said last week it will reduce its global workforce by about 10 percent — including firing about 800 employees in Israel — as part of a restructuring plan.
The news set off an outcry and a sense of betrayal in a country that has boosted Teva with grants and subsidies long before it emerged as a global powerhouse.
At this week's opening of the winter session of parliament, which was dominated by speeches on Iran and the Palestinians, opposition leader Shelly Yachimovich devoted a large part of her address to Teva.
"Layoffs at a company that pays almost zero taxes are an act of cannibalism. There is no other word," she said. "Teva has grossly violated its contract with the state. It is demonstrating an utter lack of solidarity, commitment to society, and gratitude."
Under heavy public pressure, Teva has put the firings on hold, meeting with government officials and the powerful Histadrut labor union, and vowing to re-evaluate its plan.
Part of the outrage stems from Israel's socialist roots and the belief that a workplace has a special obligation to protect its employees. The anger is especially profound because Teva is affectionately referred to as "Israel's company."
"It's like our national carrier. To work for Teva is a badge of honor among Israelis," said Dror Strum, head of the Israeli Institute for Economic Planning. "The general feeling is that Teva owes us because we backed it and helped it flourish. This feels like some kind of treason."
The restructuring "brings capitalism to its most blunt edge" and feels like a "slap to the face" to those Israelis who supported the company for so long, Strum said.
Adding to the sense of betrayal, the state comptroller, a government watchdog agency, published a scathing report showing years of preferential treatment for Teva.
The report said Teva got tax breaks of nearly 12 billion shekels, or $3.4 billion, between 2006 and 2011. That amounted to more than a third of all tax breaks given to Israeli corporations.
"Billions of shekels were given to companies without any special demands of them," wrote comptroller Joseph Shapira. "It is unreasonable that while part of the population struggles under the burden on taxes and the cost of living, huge companies enjoy sweeping exemptions."
The company did not respond to repeated requests for comment.
Teva, which reported a second quarter loss of $452 million, said in its announcement that it expects to save about $2 billion annually by the end of 2017. The move sent the company's U.S.-traded shares up nearly 3 percent.