Organized crime, long overshadowed by the Arab-Israeli conflict, has become a part of life in Israel, spawning a "Sopranos"-style TV series. Rival underworld gangs have waged battles for control of gambling and protection rackets.
In the past, rival families would settle their scores quietly. In recent years they have been getting bolder, taking more risks and posing a greater threat to public safety. Most crime bosses travel in armored vehicles with bodyguards.
Even so, public assassination attempts and bombings by Israeli underworld criminals are relatively rare. The last attempt on Nissim Alperon's life, 18 months ago, was the most recent.