It's hard to fathom why some movie stars become better known after they reach that big sound stage in the sky. In the 1920s, it was the early demise of Rudolph Valentino, the consummate Latin lover who achieved god-like status after his all too-early exit. Marilyn Monroe received similar status that far exceeded her earthly stature.
But perhaps the most celebrated deceased actor, and one who has influenced more generations of young adults than any other cult hero, is unquestionably James Byron Dean.
Dean's flame was but a brief flicker upon the cinematic landscape. With only three feature-length movies under his belt (two released after his death), his star was still rising. But his moody, brooding acting style - the way he looked, spoke and carried himself - defined the role of the loner and the rebel that remains extensively copied to this day.
Besides acting, the one thing the Indiana-born Dean loved was racing. His interest for the sport began at the age of 18 in Fairmont, Ind., when his father bought him a 1939 Chevrolet. At the time, he had been riding motorcycles for a couple of years and was to eventually own and race several, including a Harley-Davidson, Norton, Indian, Lancia scooter and a Triumph.
In May, 1954, Dean purchased his first sports car, a red MG TD. Before this, he had been working steadily in New York on the broadway stage as well as in several TV dramas. After moving to Los Angles, Calif., he had also secured bit parts in a couple of movies, followed by his breakout role playing Cal Trask in East of Eden.
Ten months later, Dean traded in his MG for a white Porsche 356-1500 Super Speedster. This 70-horsepower air-cooled bathtub-shaped roadster helped earn him his first victory, a qualifying race at a track in Palm Springs. The following month, Dean placed third overall, and first in class at an event in Bakersfield. In his final race of his life at Santa Barbara, Dean's car suffered mechanical failure and didn't finish.
By now Dean was hard at work on two new pictures, Rebel Without a Cause with Sal Mineo and Natalie Wood, and Giant, with whom he co-starred with Rock Hudson and Elizabeth Taylor. Before shooting both movies, the studio executives at Warner Bros. had banned Dean from pursuing his dangerous hobby.
After Giant was in the can, the no-longer-constrained Dean decided to get serious about exploiting his early success on the race track. Deeming the Speedster as too slow, he bought a new silver 550 Porsche Spyder in September of 1955.