In Peterson trial, jurors quickly confront hearsay

Associated Press Modified: September 5, 2012 at 7:33 pm •  Published: September 5, 2012
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JOLIET, Ill. (AP) — As they began deliberations Wednesday, jurors in Drew Peterson's trial immediately zeroed in on the case's trickiest issue: whether to believe secondhand hearsay statements that would often be barred from consideration in a criminal court.

Because of a botched initial investigation, detectives collected no fingerprints, strands of hair or any other physical evidence in the death of Peterson's third wife. So Illinois legislators passed a law aimed specifically at the former suburban Chicago police officer. That allowed prosecutors to pursue a conviction based substantially on statements Peterson's ex-wives made to friends and acquaintances.

After less than two hours of deliberations, jurors sent a flurry of notes to the judge asking for transcripts relating to hearsay that implicated Peterson. Forty-year-old Kathleen Savio was found dead in her bathtub in 2004, her hair soaked in blood and a gash on the back of her head.

Hearsay is any information reported by a witness that is not based on the witness' direct knowledge.

During five weeks of testimony, witnesses described statements Savio allegedly made about threats from her estranged husband and statements Peterson's fourth wife, 23-year-old Stacy Peterson, made before she disappeared in 2007.

Some defense attorneys worry that the trial — the first in Illinois history to rely so heavily on hearsay — could fundamentally alter how prosecutors and defense attorneys handle murder cases in this state and around the country.

"The legal issues here are extraordinary," said Phil Turner, a Chicago defense attorney and former federal prosecutor. "If this sets a precedent, more people will get convicted because someone testifies that someone told them something."

Heading into the trial, prosecutors described the hearsay evidence as offering Savio and Stacy Peterson the opportunity to speak to jurors "from their graves."

But the challenge for the jury is deciding if those words — recounted secondhand in court — are believable.

Jurors ended their first day of deliberations without reaching a verdict and were expected to return Thursday.

In closing arguments, the prosecution said the fact that more than a half-dozen witnesses cited conversations with Savio and Stacy Peterson that implicated Drew Peterson made those statements all the more believable.

But defense attorney Joe Lopez said the women's comments were no more credible than water-cooler gossip.

"How many times are you at work and you hear someone say something about someone. They're lying!" he told the jury.

The defense has also lashed out at Savio and Stacy Peterson's own credibility.

Lead defense attorney Joel Brodsky told jurors at the start of the trial that Savio was "bonkers" and prone to wild exaggeration — especially in the thick of her acrimonious divorce from Peterson in the years before she died.

One of the notes sent to the judge asked for transcripts of testimony from Stacy Peterson's pastor, Neal Schori, who presented some of the trial's most dramatic hearsay.

Stacy Peterson cried in a meeting with Schori not long before she vanished, he testified. She told Schori that Peterson got up from bed in the middle of the night and left the house around the time of Savio's death. At dawn, she saw him putting woman's clothes into a washing machine that weren't hers, Schori said.