Key events in Oklahoma common education
1891: The Oklahoma Territorial Legislature passes law requiring four nine-square-mile school districts per township. The goal is that students be within walking distance of school.
1907: Oklahoma becomes the 46th state on Nov. 16, with 5,656 school districts.
1918: The Oklahoma Education Association is formed.
1955: The state legislature and Gov. Raymond Gary promote consolidation through the “Better Schools Amendment,” which is passed by voters. It effectively closes many of the state's segregated schools.
1955-56: Oklahoma integrates 273 schools, mostly in urban areas.
1961: Alphonso Dowell, a black man, sues the Oklahoma City school district so his son could attend an all-white high school. A 1972 U.S. Supreme Court ruling requires Oklahoma City to bus students around the district.
1990: House Bill 1017, the Educational Reform Act, is signed into law by Gov. Henry Bellmon, creating the state Office of Accountability and Educational Oversight Board.
2006: The School Consolidation Assistance Fund is created. It is amended in 2009 to specify the use for voluntary and mandatory annexations or consolidations. The fund has about $6 million in July 2012.