The current political crisis was sparked after general prosecutor Valeriu Zubco was accused of fatally shooting a man during a hunting party in December. Zubco resigned and the two main political parties have been unable to agree who should replace him.
The opposition Communist Party which is opposed to European-style reforms, brought the confidence motion, saying Moldovans were dissatisfied with the economy and corruption. Filat's government has three days to step down and can try to form a new coalition before an election has to be called. It would be the fourth in as many years.
It is uncertain whether Filat will be able to form a new coalition after relations deteriorated between him and Marian Lupu, who heads the Democratic Party, over which party nominates the post of general prosecutor. Lupu's party voted against the government.