“All Scripture is breathed out by God,” we are told in Timothy 3:16, “and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction ...”
I doubt the same can be said of newspaper columns, but I feel compelled to set the record straight after reading Ross Douthat's piece in last Sunday's New York Times, in which he proclaimed that since the 1960s, “conservative Christianity has often been compromised” and “liberal Christianity has simply collapsed.”
Douthat is rightly concerned about the continued theological and numerical decline of mainline churches. That trend is real enough. But like many commentators, Douthat misses the story of hope running through the resurgent parts of American Christianity. Indeed, what we're witnessing is nothing less than a reshaping of the national religious landscape from mainline dominance to evangelical, independent and charismatic/Pentecostal churches, the group that my colleagues and I have the privilege to serve in our ministry at Leadership Network.
While the media have focused on the spectacular retirements and flameouts of a few prominent pastors, what hasn't been closely examined — in the mainstream press, anyway — is the dramatic rise of megachurches across the country. A decade ago, Matt Chandler arrived as the pastor of First Baptist Church of Highland Village near Flower Mound, Texas. His congregation numbered about 160 people. Now, more than 8,000 flock to weekend services at the church, which has been re-christened The Village.
Chandler is no anomaly. In 2002, about 800 churches in the United States boasted average weekly attendance of more than 2,000. Today, more than 1,600 congregations enjoy an average attendance of around 3,500 per weekend, according to the Hartford Institute for Religious Research. And though critics often assume that these churches are of shallow faith, participants report a higher degree of spiritual growth and devotion to classical religious disciplines than those attending smaller churches.
In evangelical Christianity, innovation abounds. For example, Chandler's church now operates at three sites, having assumed the properties of churches in Denton and Dallas. Many megachurches have followed this pattern over the past decade, as they've successfully expanded their ministries to new communities.
At the same time, Chandler's church is helping new congregations spring to life, assisting in the planting of two independent churches in its local area. Chandler was recently named president of Acts 29, a nationwide network that's planted 425 new churches during the past 12 years. Combined, these churches serve more than 100,000 souls.
Megachurches have also proven to be innovative when it comes to cultivating new leaders. Mainline traditions tend to use formal education and councils of existing clergy to ordain new pastors. Unfortunately, they've struggled to fill these positions. Churches like The Village, by contrast, have a handful of seminary-degreed pastors on staff.