BRUSSELS (AP) — President Barack Obama's move to limit U.S. carbon emissions may prompt an important shift by China in its climate policies, where officials are increasingly worried about the costs of pollution anyway, according to a Chinese expert and activists closely following the international negotiations.
The initiative may be a crucial move in pressuring Beijing to accept binding goals to cut greenhouse gases, while also allowing the U.S. to start catching up with the European Union in the fight against climate change.
"This is the kind of leadership that's highly needed," said Martin Kaiser, head of international climate politics at Greenpeace. The proposal should have been twice as ambitious, he added, but "it demonstrates that the Obama administration wants to seriously tackle climate change."
The plan, unveiled Monday, would reduce carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. power plants, many of which are coal-fired, by 30 percent from 2005 levels by 2030.
Governments want an agreement by late next year in Paris to curb emissions of greenhouse gasses blamed for global warming. Unlike the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which exempted developing nations from emissions limits, this deal is supposed to cover every country.
The U.S. never ratified the Kyoto protocol, handing China and others an easy excuse to dodge tougher action as well.
"The new initiative is a first firm commitment that puts the U.S. in a serious negotiating position for the upcoming climate talks in Paris," said Georg Zachmann, an expert with the Brussels-based think tank Bruegel.
"It gives hope that further steps in that direction will be forthcoming," he added.
The U.S. announcement came just ahead of international climate talks starting Wednesday in Bonn, Germany, where governments will discuss how ambitious to be in tackling global warming over the coming decades. Climate change is also on the agenda at a meeting of the G-7 leaders in Brussels Thursday, bringing together Obama and his counterparts from the other leading Western economies.
China, the world's biggest polluter ahead of the U.S., has promised to curb its output but has so far resisted binding limits. The U.S. move will give incentive to the Chinese to do more, many experts believe.
"Obama's plan to cut greenhouse gas may have some impact on China's decision-making," said Wang Ke, a professor at the School of Environment and Natural Resources at People's University in Beijing. "But China's goal will be based on its domestic needs in the transformation of its economy and handling smog."
United Nations climate chief Christiana Figueres on Saturday insisted she fully expected "action by the United States to spur others in taking concrete action."
Greenpeace's Kaiser sounded an optimistic note on China, saying that witnessing high pollution in their own cities had convinced leaders in Beijing that only joint action could tackle the problem. "Both countries, the U.S. and China, have seen the consequences of climate change at home and realize now that only joint international action with binding targets can be a solution," he added.
Like many developing countries, China's status has changed drastically since the 1997 agreement. It has grown into an export powerhouse and the world's second-largest economy, prompting American lawmakers to say any new treaty must cover China. Beijing says it is still too poor to take on the limits imposed on rich countries.