Oklahoma attorney general upholds parole board's commutation authority
The Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board has the authority to recommend commutations of prison sentences — even in cases where inmates have been sentenced under a violent and serious crimes statute that requires them to serve at least 85 percent of their sentences before being eligible for parole.
The Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board can recommend commutations for inmates — even those required to serve at least 85 percent of their prison time before being eligible for parole.
The governor also has the power to grant such commutations.
That's the official opinion of Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt.
Pruitt issued the opinion Wednesday in response to a question submitted by the parole board.
The board requested the opinion after Oklahoma County District Attorney David Prater questioned whether board members had acted illegally by placing inmates on a docket for early release consideration while proceeding under a vague agenda item that did not adequately inform the public. Contacted Thursday evening, Prater said his criminal investigation is ongoing.
“It doesn't affect our investigation at all,” Prater said of the opinion. “It's continuing. We're going through the documents of the last three years of parole board meetings and supporting documents.”
The attorney general's office also is continuing with its investigation into parole board actions.
In the opinion released Wednesday, Pruitt stated it was not intended to address all issues relating to the board's conduct.
“Much of that controversy surrounds whether the Pardon and Parole Board violated the Open Meeting Act when making certain recommendations,” the opinion noted. “This opinion does not address that issue, nor does it address whether the commutation power was properly exercised in any particular instance. It only addresses the broader question of whether the commutation power exists.”
Parole board responds
While Pruitt's opinion was limited in scope, it drew praise from parole board members.
“I thank God in heaven. I thank Jesus that the attorney general has rendered the opinion that he has rendered,” said board member Currie Ballard.
“The official opinion of the attorney general affirms the board's commutation authority under the Oklahoma Constitution and Oklahoma statute(s),” the board said in a prepared statement. “The board along with its staff will continue to work to ensure that the public and all those involved in the criminal justice system are aware of how the clemency process operates in our state.”
Aaron Cooper, the governor's press secretary, issued a statement saying the governor was pleased by Pruitt's timely response.
“The governor understands the concerns of the prosecutorial community and agrees that, although allowed by law, commutations should be rare and only granted under exceptional circumstances,” Cooper said. “Once again, this issue points to the need for additional changes and reforms to address uncertainty in the parole process. The governor's office is committed to working with the Pardon and Parole Board, the Legislature and the prosecutorial and law enforcement communities on policies that will deliver efficiencies in the process while protecting public safety.”
Terry Jenks, director of the parole board, said the authority to recommend commutations of inmates sentenced under the 85 percent law is something the board rarely uses.
Jenks said he is aware of only five inmates in that category who have been recommended for commutations within the last 12 years and said there were “exceptional circumstances.” Most of the five remain in prison because their early release requests did not make all the way through the commutation process.
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