The Oklahoma City metropolitan area ranked sixth in the nation and 71st in the world for economic performance from 2011 to 2012, according to a Brookings Institution report released Thursday.
Brookings' Global MetroMonitor report looked at gross domestic product and employment growth for 300 metro areas.
Oklahoma City ranked sixth among U.S. metro areas, behind Houston, San Jose, Calif.; Salt Lake City; Louisville, Ky.; and Austin, Texas. The Tulsa metro came in at No. 14 in the United States and 106th overall.
The report said Oklahoma City had “partially recovered from a major recession.” It outperformed the United States on employment growth but lagged on per capita GDP. Employment grew 2.8 percent from 2011 to 2012, while per capita GDP rose 0.8 percent, according to Brookings' analysis.
Eric Long, research economist for the Greater Oklahoma City Chamber, said such reports give a view of the area's economy in a global context.
“So often we just see metro reports that just compare us against other cities in the United States,” Long said. “It's interesting when someone goes to the trouble of showing how we fit into the overall global economy and how we compare to cities throughout the world.”
Long said the area's job growth was strong in energy, professional services and retail trade.
He said the chamber's preliminary estimates for 2013 put employment growth for the Oklahoma City metro at 2.3 percent. “We expect solid growth, but maybe not as strong as this past year,” he said.
The Brookings report said just three U.S. metro areas — Dallas, Knoxville, Tenn., and Pittsburgh — had fully recovered from the effects of the global economic recession.
“The global metropolitan economy is fragile, and many problems like the falling eurozone and the slowdown of emerging economies are here to stay, at least for the immediate future,” said Emilia Istrate, an associate fellow at Brookings and the report's lead author. “Despite their challenges, U.S. metro economies are helping power the global recovery. If upcoming debates over the fiscal cliff and long-term solvency derail their progress, it could severely threaten not only the U.S., but also the broader global recovery.”
Macau, a former Portuguese colony that is now a special district of China, was the top performer among global metros. Macau, an island of 567,000, draws heavily on its role as one of the world's top gambling destinations. Large metros in China claimed 13 of the top 20 spots in the report.
Brookings' analysis found the fastest-growing metro economies were in developing countries in Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa. The slowest-growing metros were in developed countries in North America and Western Europe.
The report said national and local factors influence metro economic growth. In the short term, the previous year's economic measures and industry performance affect growth. Long-term growth in the standard of living depends on national factors, per capita GDP and metro-specific factors such as industry specialization and educational attainment, Brookings said.
“2012 also highlighted the interdependence among developed and developing metro areas, with macroeconomic shocks traveling quickly through financial and trade channels and through extended global supply chains,” Istrate said. “Metro areas cannot build their way to prosperity on their own; they must work with national and state governments and other metro areas, near home and abroad, to establish their ‘collaborative advantage' and secure future growth.”