Oklahoma City’s public safety unions plan to get more politically active this year as they try to mend what’s widely regarded as a broken relationship with City Hall.
The decision marks an about-face for the police and firefighter unions. Historically, the unions have stayed mostly silent on city politics and policy, though they have regularly donated to city council and mayoral campaigns.
After running an unsuccessful campaign against the city’s MAPS 3 proposal last year, union leaders say they now see benefit in political activism.
"You will in the future tend to see us to be more vocal than we have been in the past on issues of general concern to the public, like the MAPS issue was,” said Gil Hensley, president of Fraternal Order of Police Lodge 123. "I believe we have that responsibility to the public.”
Hensley added: "Who better than the employee groups that are actually on the inside looking out and seeing what’s happening to do that?”
Increased activism by the unions could be a burden or blessing to the political unity credited for Oklahoma City’s ongoing resurgence, political observers and city and union leaders say.
As part of its planned political activity, the fire union plans to launch a Web site soon that Phil Sipe, president of International Association of Firefighters Local 157, said will serve as a forum for the union to "intelligently” advocate for or against city policy.
Sipe said the goal is to inform and engage residents.
The unions’ political prowess will be tested quickly by public safety concerns that figure to get more attention in coming months.
Immediately pressing is a 1 percent raise firefighters have demanded that the city says it can’t afford. The matter could go before voters in May.
The city is also preparing to undergo substantial budget cuts — a process that poses another potential political pitfall for the unions.
"When everyone is asked to make sacrifices, these unions have got to tread carefully in their negotiations,” said Keith Gaddie, a University of Oklahoma political science professor and local government expert.
Oklahoma City’s budget shortfall this year is $25 million, which is 7 percent below projections.
City officials expect they’ll have much less money to work with next fiscal year than this year and are budgeting in anticipation of that.
Contract dispute remains
The firefighter union’s first political task may be persuading voters that its members deserve raises. No other city employees received a raise last year.
Following a lengthy contract dispute, arbitrators in September granted firefighters a 1 percent raise. As a result, council members will likely ask voters whether to give the firefighters a raise.
The binding arbitration law that governs negotiations between cities and public safety unions allows city leaders to take a work contract before voters if an arbitrator sides with the union, something Oklahoma City has never done before.