On Sept. 8, 1910, the New-State Tribune in Oklahoma City approvingly declared the amendment was designed to “check ‘Negro domination'” and “eliminate Negro members of the legislature.”
Sadly, the amendment worked as intended. On Nov. 26, 1910, the Shawnee Daily Herald reported Hamlin lost his race by just 16 votes “when the county election board refused to receive returns from five precincts where a heavy Negro vote was cast.”
Hamlin died in 1912, and there's no way to know what he would think of the modern Democratic and Republican parties. But having been derided as a legislative “black spot,” does anyone doubt that Hamlin would take pride in seeing Shannon preside over a chamber that's still predominantly white?
All Oklahomans should do the same. It's a sign of enormous racial progress that race isn't an issue in Shannon's ascent.
And should you hear a loud whirring noise upon Shannon's leadership election, pay it no mind. That's just the sound of long-dead racists spinning in their graves.