Oklahoma's foreign-born population continues to grow in most counties

Three out of four Oklahoma counties showed increases in the last decade in the numbers of foreign-born residents. But at an overall rate of 5 percent, Oklahoma ranked 32nd in the nation for residents born outside the United States, according to the latest Census estimates.
BY PAUL MONIES, pmonies@opubco.com Published: January 9, 2011
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Three out of four Oklahoma counties showed increases in the last decade in the number of residents who were born outside the United States, with much of the growth coming in the Panhandle, western Oklahoma and metropolitan counties.

Nationally, Oklahoma ranked 32nd in the percentage of foreign-born residents, according to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey from 2005-09.

About 5 percent of Oklahoma's 3.75 million residents were born outside the United States. That compares to about 27 percent for California and almost 15 percent for Arizona. At 1.3 percent, West Virginia rounds out the bottom of the rankings.

An estimated 12.5 percent of the nation's residents — 38.5 million people — were born in a foreign country, the Census Bureau said.

The latest estimates come amid a continuing political debate at the Capitol and across the country about immigration. The Census Bureau does not ask about the legal status of immigrants, meaning the foreign-born estimates include both documented and undocumented immigrants and naturalized citizens.

Foreign-born residents come from all over the world to Oklahoma and have a variety of skills, said Deidre Myers, director of policy, research and economic analysis with the state Commerce Department. Manufacturing, agricultural processing, technology and service industries are all attracting immigrants from foreign countries, she said.

Among Oklahoma's estimated 190,000 residents who were born in foreign countries, 60 percent were from Latin American countries, the Census Bureau said. Another 24 percent were from Asian countries. About 8 percent hailed from Europe.

“Oklahoma is a dynamic economy, so why wouldn't we have people from different areas looking for opportunity in Oklahoma?” Myers said.

Generally, counties west of Interstate 35 had higher rates of foreign-born residents than those in eastern Oklahoma, according to an analysis of census data by The Oklahoman. Exceptions to that were Tulsa County in the northeast and Marshall County on the state's southern border.

“You see a lot of growth in the foreign-born population in those areas that have a very strong agricultural and manufacturing presence; of course we see this in western Oklahoma and the Panhandle,” Myers said.

“A second area that people don't often think about is that we've had a lot of foreign-born growth in high-skilled research and development, biosciences, nanosciences and other kinds of very high-tech positions. We're seeing this kind of growth in Tulsa, Oklahoma and Cleveland counties, where you have a university or a very strong knowledge-based industry cluster.”

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Foreign-born residents in Oklahoma


Top five counties

Texas County: 21.3%

Cimarron County: 11.5%

Blaine County: 9.5%

Oklahoma County: 9.2%

Beaver County: 8.6%

Bottom five counties

Noble County: 0.3%

Pushmataha County: 0.4%

Coal County: 0.5%

Greer County: 0.5%

Pawnee County: 0.5%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau's American Community

Survey estimates for 2005-2009

Note: The Census Bureau does not ask about the legal status of immigrants. Estimates include documented and undocumented immigrants and naturalized U.S. citizens.

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