The former Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio has said that while he was archbishop of Buenos Aires, he never dealt with a case of sex abuse, and indeed the scandal has yet to explode in Argentina on the scale that it has elsewhere, including in neighboring Chile. But the online database BishopAccountability.org has cited several cases of Argentine bishops siding with abused clerics and imposing gag orders on victims — practices that were common in the U.S. before American bishops changed their tune amid the explosion of cases in 2002 and resulting avalanche of lawsuits.
Buenos Aires native Sebastian Cuattromo, for example, says he approached Bergoglio's archdioceses in 2002 seeking help to get out of a confidentiality agreement he accepted when he settled with a religious order for abuse he suffered as a 13 year old. He said he wanted the church to know the facts after learning that his abuser had fled to the United States. He said he received no reply, though the abuser was eventually convicted.
In an email, Cuattromo said the archdiocese's dismissive attitude to him and victims in general was evidence of "a clear situation of power which, at least in Argentina and Latin America, the Catholic Church hierarchy continues to enjoy."
Terrence McKiernan of BishopAccountability.org said it was "breathtaking" that Francis had made the church the victim of the scandal, rather than express sorrow to the hundreds of thousands of victims or acknowledge the complicity of bishops in covering up the crimes.
"It is astonishing, at this late date, that Pope Francis would recycle such tired and defensive rhetoric," McKiernan said in a statement.
Lombardi stressed that Francis' response was understandably brief given the wide-ranging nature of the Corriere interview. He said the pope's defensive tone should be taken as a recognition that the church had made progress but that it often felt "frustrated" that its work hadn't been recognized.
"At the same time, it's clear that there's an immense job to be done for the past, present and future," Lombardi said. "The pope knows this well."
The Vatican has in the past decade overhauled its internal procedures to make it easier to oust rapists. But it still has no blanket policy telling bishops to report abusers to police or risk being sanctioned themselves, and to date no bishop has been punished for a cover up. In addition, the harshest penalty the church hands out is to essentially fire the abuser.
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