Preparation for mass shooting events responsibility of police and public, Oklahoma officials say

Oklahoma law enforcement experts say training for mass shooting events like that which occurred in Connecticut is a regular thing, but that the public has a responsibility to prepare and pay attention, too.
BY ZEKE CAMPFIELD zcampfield@opubco.com Published: December 14, 2012

Oklahoma law enforcement agencies routinely prepare for mass shooting events like the one that occurred in Connecticut on Friday, but to some degree, the safety of society in general rests on the backs of its individual members.

That's the underlying opinion of leaders from multiple local and state agencies that work every day to prevent violence.

It's like preparing for a tornado, said Stan Florence, director of the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation.

“We can't let these types of incidents keep us boarded up in our homes — that would be unacceptable,” he said. “But what we have to do is be sure we take responsibility to make sure, especially at our schools, that we've done everything possible to keep this kind of thing from happening.”

Since the 1999 Columbine shootings, the bureau as well as local police, sheriff departments and the state highway patrol have worked with school officials and other community leaders to prepare a plan of response for such an occasion.

They call it an “active shooter event,” and it's different from typical shooting calls because responders are trained to — as quickly as possible, and without waiting for backup — assess a facility, go inside and then identify and neutralize the threat.

To prepare, Oklahoma City police keep maps of each of the local schools and work with school officials to develop plans for lockdown and evacuation.

At the end of the school day Friday, the department dispatched squad cars to 15 elementary schools in which it has safety contracts just to demonstrate to parents that their children are as safe as possible, Police Chief Bill Citty said.

“The bottom line is there has to be a plan, there has to be emergency operations, there has to be a way to notify everybody,” Citty said. “And what parents need to do is they need to talk these issues over with their schools and make sure they have a plan. You're not going to ever eliminate these types of things from happening, but you can do things to reduce the threats.”

Finding reinforcements

Police in Oklahoma City have tactical teams to help in such a scenario, but for most of Oklahoma, the Highway Patrol would get involved.

Rural law enforcement agencies do receive much of the same training as those in urban areas, but a smaller roster of eligible officers renders reinforcements necessary, said Betsy Randolph, spokeswoman for the patrol.

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