Psychotherapy, counseling used to treat PTSD
• Cognitive Processing Therapy: CPT teaches you how to identify trauma-related thoughts and change them so they are more accurate and cause less distress.
• Prolonged Exposure Therapy: In PE, you talk about your trauma over and over until the memories no longer upset you. You also go to places that are safe, but that you have been staying away from because they are related to the trauma.
• Stress Inoculation Training: SIT teaches patients a set of skills they can use to manage their anxiety. These skills might include relaxation, thought stopping and positive self-talk.
• Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: EMDR involves thinking about images and feelings that distress you while doing rapid eye movements.
Source: The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs' National Center for PTSD