Rocketplane emerges from bankruptcy, keeps reaching for moon
The remnants of Rocketplane Kistler, which was once based in Oklahoma City, sold at auction for $25,000. But company officials say they're still in the space race, and still want to fly from the Oklahoma Spaceport at Burns Flat.
• 2001: California-based Rocketplane is one of seven companies nationwide that signs a “gentleman's agreement” to come to the Oklahoma Spaceport under a new law allowing tax credits for companies investing in Oklahoma's space industry.
• 2003: Rocketplane qualifies for an $18 million tax credit in Oklahoma.
• 2004: Rocketplane sells the tax credit and uses the proceeds to set up shop and hire employees. It also releases specifications of its XP spacecraft and says it can take tourists into space by 2006 for just under $100,000 each.
• 2005: Rocketplane pushes launch date to 2007 and raises the ticket price to $200,000. Former NASA astronaut John Herrington joins the staff.
• 2006: Rocketplane merges with Kistler Aerospace Corp. and receives a $207 million NASA contract to develop a rocket-powered vehicle to reach orbital space. The Oklahoma Spaceport receives approval from the Federal Aviation Administration.
• 2007: NASA drops its deal with Rocketplane after the company fails to raise enough private funding.
• 2008: Herrington resigns as Rocketplane pilot.
• 2009: Rocketplane abandons its office at Will Rogers World Airport and relocates to Wisconsin.
• 2010: Rocketplane files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in Wisconsin, as does CEO George French.
• 2011: The remnants of Rocketplane Kistler sell for $25,000 at an auction in Green Bay, Wis.
Aerospace is a very expensive, very tricky field to get involved in.”
“We have programs we're hoping to resurrect,” French said. “I was the biggest funder of the project before. I don't have any money now. I have to depend on other people to push the program forward.”
“When we get the money, we will fire it up in what we call a hot start,” he added.
The Oklahoma tax credit French and his company acquired — the Space Transportation Vehicle Provider Credit — was created to attract aerospace companies to the state. Rocketplane received the credit in 2003 and later sold it to Bank of Oklahoma, a legal practice that has been questioned by the Legislature. That tax credit program has been eliminated.
Rep. David Dank, R-Oklahoma City, has for six years pushed the state to require more accountability for tax credits. He said allowing venture capital tax credits to expire in 2012 is progress in the right direction but there is still more to be done.
Rocketplane, Dank said, is a “poster child” for tax credits given without any oversight or any real meaningful conditions. He said he will refile legislation this year to eliminate transferable tax credits as well as insist tax credits come with a cost-benefit analysis and other restrictions.
French emphasizes that his company fulfilled its obligation to the state of Oklahoma. He still believes Burns Flat is the best place to fly a suborbital vehicle like the one Rocketplane was designing and says he'll return to the state when possible.
“Aerospace is a very expensive, very tricky field to get involved in,” says French, who started out with a successful billboard company in Wisconsin. “We will return to Oklahoma when we get our program going again.”
But Dank says Oklahoma wouldn't welcome the company back and adds that it's a shame the company doesn't have to repay the $18 million.
“We've had that bucket of manure once. We don't need it again,” Dank said.