Former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor said she is astounded by the lack of civics knowledge among residents of the United States.
She spoke Thursday to a packed room of students at the Oklahoma City University School of Law about her new website initiative, iCivics.org. OCU has partnered with the national organization in hosting teacher training to help bring the civics learning website into local classrooms.
O'Connor said half of the states no longer require civics or government classes in high schools and only three require the courses in middle school.
Less than a third of young people and adults in the nation can answer most of the questions on the test required of new citizens, she said.
“Barely a third of Americans can answer what the three branches of government are,” O'Connor said. “Imagine. I mean that's really pathetic. And they can tell you the judges on ‘American Idol' but can't name one Supreme Court justice.”
Federal law blamed
O'Connor blames No Child Left Behind legislation for focusing too heavily on science, math and reading education and not funding history or civics teaching in public schools.
To brainstorm a solution, O'Connor said she sought help from several of her colleagues on the Supreme Court and other national opinion leaders. They decided on a civics website targeting middle schoolers.
“By that time their gray matter up here is fully developed,” O'Connor said. “That's all they're ever going to get. The hormones that they get in high school haven't fully kicked in. You've got those three years, and they're eager to learn.”
The iCivics website has about 40 games, she said, and participants can communicate with each other and compete to win money for chosen causes.
What state officials say on civics classes
Damon Gardenhire, communications director for state schools Superintendent Janet Barresi, said the website is obviously impressive and something the state should take a close look at.
Kelly Curtright, director for social studies for the state Education Department, said Oklahoma already is ahead of other states in civics and government education. The state this year received a B+ from the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, which evaluates state standards for U.S. history in kindergarten through 12th grade. The average grade for states this year was a D, according to the institute's website.