Seminole Indians are descended from Lower Creeks who severed their political ties in the late 18th century and relocated from the Chattahoochee River to northern Florida, which had been largely stripped of its native population by European colonization.
The Seminole Indians in Florida inhabited land controlled by the British and Spanish and sided with them in disputes with the United States. By incorporating run-away slaves from their northern neighbors into the tribe as “freedmen,” Seminoles further provoked the ire of American slave owners.
These and other tensions provoked the Seminole Wars (1817-1818, 1835-42 and 1855-58). The Second Seminole War was the longest the U.S. was involved in between the American Revolution and the Vietnam War. The conflicts encouraged many Seminole Indians to move west. Others were offered incentives to relocate.
In 1836, the first group of Seminole migrants arrived in present-day Oklahoma. By 1842, there were 3,612 Seminoles in Indian Territory. A few hundred Seminoles remained in Florida. In 1957, this group formed a separate Seminole Nation of Florida, which had around 4,000 members by 2004.
Although Seminole Indians were confined to the Creek Nation at first, and were only permitted limited self-governance. By 1856, they signed a treaty which formed the Seminole Nation. Their territory, now Seminole County, contained 24 towns at the time.
Seminoles largely sided with the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
Cultural Awareness Oklahoma Know It
Seminole Oklahoma Know It