8 Choose evidence-based treatment — that is, treatment that science has shown to be effective in treating the disease. Reject programs based on tough love, pseudoscience, contrition and punishment.
9 Addicts' bodies must be detoxified, but that's not all it takes to treat addiction. Purging drugs from the body is the essential first stage in many cases, but it's not enough to prevent most addicts from relapsing. Follow detox with primary treatment.
10 Treat dual diagnoses. Most addicts have one or more psychological disorders along with their addiction. In most cases, if both aren't treated, neither will be.
11 Do all you can to prevent relapse, but don't consider it a sign of defeat. Relapses can be fatal, but they're often a part of recovery from the chronic disease of addiction. If relapse occurs, address it immediately and adjust treatment accordingly.
12 End the war on drugs and treat addiction for what it is — not a criminal problem but a health crisis. As a nation, we must fight the right war: not against drugs but against addiction.
SOURCE: DAVID SHEFF