Bob Hayes won two gold medals at the 1964 Olympics, winning the men's 100 meters and anchoring the 4x100-meter relay for the United States.
Ethiopia's Abebe Bikila won his second straight Olympic marathon in 1964 and Peter Snell of New Zealand won the men's 800- and 1500-meter events.
In 1991, the stadium hosted the athletics world championships where Carl Lewis of the United States set a record of 9.86 in the men's 100 meters.
At the same meet, Mike Powell's leap of 8.95 meters in the long jump broke Bob Beamon's long-standing world record from the 1968 Summer Olympics.
The stadium was used primarily for soccer and rugby matches over the years, hosting Japan's national football team and J-League matches.