INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — Lawmakers wrestling with how to pay for road and highway needs amid a growing funding shortfall are considering using money from the state's sales tax on gas to pay for transportation projects.
Senate Appropriations Chairman Luke Kenley, R-Noblesville, said the General Assembly should consider guaranteeing some or all of the roughly $500 million the tax generates each year. And Senate Minority Leader Tim Lanane, D-Anderson, said the state should take a modest chunk from that pool to give to cash-strapped areas.
It's a novel concept, lawmakers say.
Kenley, the Senate's lead budget writer, said he has not settled on the move, but is floating it along with other options as the state stares down an annual transportation spending shortfall of roughly $250 million a year. Kenley previously suggested raising the excise fee on license plates, but has backed off.
Indiana has long been able to rely on the $3.8 billion generated from the leasing of the Indiana Toll Road for 75 years, but that money is largely either spent or committed to projects. The problem is compounded by declining gas tax collections — a tax levied in addition to the sales tax on gas — as fuel efficiency improves greatly across all vehicles.
Kenley estimates the state need to find another $100 million a year just for upkeep of existing roads because of the decline in gas tax money and at least another $100 million for localities. Add in the roughly $50 million it would cost each year to finance projects, including the last leg of Interstate 69 and expansions of Interstate 65 and Interstate 70, and the need becomes clear, he said.
"You put that all together, and you've got a big problem that's going to come upon us. And, to me, we need to be ahead of the curve in solving this problem rather than behind it, because road infrastructure is so important in Indiana," Kenley said.
Kenley's push for more transportation money comes as state lawmakers eye a budget and a state surplus that is being pulled in multiple directions: Gov. Mike Pence is standing firm on his call to spend $500 million a year on a cut to the personal income tax. House Speaker Brian Bosma, R-Indianapolis, is saying more of that money has to be returned to schools and Democrats are calling for the restoration of $300 million in education cuts made during the recession.