The United States has both massive shale deposits, which it is extensively developing, and a large and flexible distribution network that could could supply terminals to export liquefied natural gas.
American LNG is clearly going to be exported, but how much of an impact those exports will have on global markets is a matter of intense interest and debate.
Global annual consumption today is about 240 million tons, but some analysts forecast that demand will more than double to 550 million tons annually by 2030. If all of the proposed plants are built, the U.S. could supply 200 million tons, or almost half of world demand, in one highly optimistic estimate.
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