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U.S. job market shows resilience despite budget fight

The U.S. job market showed resilience in three reports Thursday, suggesting it may able to withstand a federal budget battle that threatens more economic uncertainty in coming months.
By CHRISTOPHER S. RUGABER Published: January 4, 2013
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— The U.S. job market showed resilience in three reports Thursday, suggesting it may able to withstand a federal budget battle that could bring more economic uncertainty in coming months.

A survey showed private hiring increased last month, while layoffs declined and applications for unemployment benefits stayed near a four-year low. The data led some economists to raise their forecasts for December job growth one day before the government releases its employment report.

“The job market held firm in December despite the intensifying fiscal cliff negotiations,” said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's Analytics. “Businesses even became somewhat more aggressive in their hiring at year end.”

The most encouraging sign came from payroll provider ADP, whose monthly employment survey showed businesses added 215,000 jobs last month, the most in 10 months. November's total was 148,000.

Economists tend to approach the ADP survey with some skepticism because it sometimes diverges sharply from the government's job figures. The Labor Department releases its jobs report Friday.

But some economists were hopeful after seeing businesses were less inclined to cut jobs last month.

Outplacement firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas said the number of announced job cuts fell 43 percent in December from November, and overall planned layoffs in 2012 hit the lowest level since 1997.

The decline in layoffs coincided with a drop last month in the number of people who applied for unemployment benefits. The four-week average was little changed at 360,000 last week. That's only slightly above the previous week's 359,750, which was the lowest since March 2008.

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