Weak economy could slow pace of immigration reform

Associated Press Modified: December 9, 2008 at 5:41 pm •  Published: December 9, 2008


By Susan Carroll and Stewart Powell

Houston Chronicle


Dec. 9--President-elect Barack Obama pledged to make comprehensive immigration reform a priority in his first term in the White House, but the nation's worsening economic woes may force delays on the campaign promise, experts said.

Some members of Congress also said the timetable for reform may have to await a better economy and a more receptive political climate to providing legal status to illegal immigrants in the U.S. Other Congressional leaders urged quick action on immigration reform, which has stalled in recent years amid fierce opposition.

''The downturn in the economy does represent a new environment," said U.S. Rep. Charlie Gonzalez, D-San Antonio, a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus that favors early action on immigration reform. "The economy is a very convenient argument (against reform) and one that resonates easily with people."

With growing unemployment, some advocates worried that illegal immigrants would be "scapegoated" for working without authorization. Unemployment jumped to 6.7 percent in November.

The election of Obama and his selection of Arizona Gov. Janet Napolitano -- a moderate on immigration issues -- to head the Department of Homeland Security had raised hopes of immigrant advocates that the new administration would submit early legislation to create a pathway for legal status for some of the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants in the U.S.

Obama had promised on the campaign trail to make immigration reform, including a legalization program, a "top priority" in his first term.

''We need a president who isn't going to walk away from something as important as comprehensive immigration reform when it becomes politically unpopular," Obama told the League of United Latin American Citizens in July.

But Reid Cherlin, a spokesman for Obama's transition team, said officials with the incoming administration were not available to discuss prospects for immigration reform.

''We're advising people to look at what Senator Obama said during the campaign," Cherlin said. "We're not going beyond that at this point."

Obama's transition team has merely named a two-person working group to begin reviewing options.

Georgetown law school dean T. Alexander Aleinikoff previously served as a top official in the Immigration and Naturalization Service during the Clinton administration. Stanford law school professor Mariano-Florentino Cuellar previously served as a senior adviser to top Clinton administration officials on enforcement-related issues and has worked on recent projects examining the role of criminal enforcement in immigration policy.

Neither Cuellar nor Aleinikoff responded to requests for comment on prospective Obama administration plans.

The Congressional Hispanic Caucus hopes to get an inkling on the scope and timetable for Obama's immigration plan when they meet in Washington D.C., on Wednesday with Rep. Luis Gutierrez, D-Ill., point man for the caucus on immigration reform. Gutierrez has met with Obama since the election to discuss plans for immigration reform, Gonzalez said.

Continue reading this story on the...