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Increase in number of Oklahoma children in DHS custody frustrates reform efforts

The number of children in state custody has soared from about 8,000 four years ago to 10,428 today — frustrating Oklahoma Department of Human Services officials in their efforts to meet performance targets agreed upon as part of a settlement agreement to a federal class-action lawsuit.
by Randy Ellis Modified: August 15, 2013 at 12:24 am •  Published: August 15, 2013
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The number of Oklahoma children in state custody is soaring.

That number has risen from about 8,000 four years ago to 10,428 today — frustrating Oklahoma Department of Human Services officials in their efforts to meet performance targets agreed upon as part of a settlement agreement to a federal class-action lawsuit.

“We're not where we want to be,” acknowledged Deborah Smith, DHS's director of child welfare services.

Smith discussed the agency's efforts to meet the performance targets of a five-year child welfare reform plan during Wednesday's inaugural joint meeting of four DHS citizens' advisory panels.

Progress is being made, Smith assured panel members.

Smith noted that the agency recruited 796 new traditional foster homes in the fiscal year that ended June 30, which were actually 15 more than the agency's goal of 781 for the year.

But with increasing numbers of children being taken into DHS custody, the state still has a great need for more high quality foster homes, she said.

DHS has had less success in recruiting therapeutic foster homes that are needed to take in children with emotional problems. The agency had a target of 150 new therapeutic foster homes last fiscal year, but was only able to recruit 86, Smith said.

The rising number of children in custody also has contributed to DHS falling short of its targeted goal of eliminating the use of state shelters for children under 2 by last Dec. 31.

Smith said 47 children under age 2 spent at least one night in shelters during the first 6 months of this year.

She said 20 of those children fall under an exemption that allows shelter stays for young children who are part of large sibling groups, medically fragile or babies of teen mothers in custody.

Smith said she chose to let the other 27 spend the night, despite the agreed-upon goal, because workers were not comfortable with alternative family placements or foster homes available at the time.

She lamented that the number of children under 2 spending nights in shelters has risen in recent months and said 17 such children spent 150 nights in shelters in June.

Reducing caseloads

Rising numbers of children in state custody also are hampering DHS in its efforts to reduce caseloads to manageable levels, she indicated.

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by Randy Ellis
Investigative Reporter
For the past 30 years, staff writer Randy Ellis has exposed public corruption and government mismanagement in news articles. Ellis has investigated problems in Oklahoma's higher education institutions and wrote stories that ultimately led to two...
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